How to learn computer and motherboard steps by step. This course will cover the design of some computer components. And assembling guide of the components.
In essence, each one of the topics is treated in its form factor as follows. Casing form factors, Motherboard form factors, Connectors and ports, Bus architecture.
How to learn computer and motherboard.
Casing form factors and power: To house all other components that make up the computer system unit.
To protect the system from attacked by dust and debris which might accumulate on the chips dust accumulation.
Chips can lead to excessive heat and resultant malfunction of the chips. To make the system unit portable. To supply the system through the power pack.
Forms of casing or desktop casing: These are flat surface casing on which the monitor is placed.
Tower casing: These are casing that stands like a wall side by side with a monitor and can come in form of a mini-tower.
And full_tower, according to their height and peripheral devices they can contain.
- Power supply.
- Motherboard Overview
- Integrated verse Non-Integrated Motherboard.
- Atx Connector Panel.
- Basic Motherboard Configuration.
- Bios Menu By Pressing The Del Key.
- Power supply.
The season of processor breaking the gigahertz barrier has made one thing clear: their thirst for power is hard to rein in.
When purchasing a case, take a very close look at the built-in power supply. In addition to the classic ATX power supply.
However, you should also feature an auxiliary power connector. More motherboards require this plug to cover the power needs of a Pentium 4.
The only time you won’t need it is if you’re operating a CPU at 1400 MHz or less.
Other names for the motherboard are the system board and planar board. It is classified based on their form factors and processors they support.
The component on the motherboard includes Expansion slots, Cpu socket, IDE controllers, Memory bank (SIMMS, DDR).
Power connector, Keyboard port, Cache memory, Parallel and serial ports. FDD controller, CMOS battery, Rom Bios and Jumpers, etc.
The image shows a motherboard. At the top on the right-hand side are the interfaces and connectors.
That stick out of the case at the back of an assembled computer. This board is designed for AMD Athlon and Duron processors.
Socket A, as it’s called, is labeled “CPU socket” in the picture. The expansion slots are to their left.
The AGP slot is used exclusively for the graphics card. The PCI slots will hold network cards, ISDN, sound or video editing boards.
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At the bottom, left are the panel connectors for the on or off button of the hard drive led. The reset switch, and the operating led.
Spend time to familiarize yourself with where they’re located. By the way, LEDs that don’t light up can generally be fixed by simply turning the plug around.
The two IDE connectors 40-pin are below in the middle. While the connector for the floppy drive 34-pin FDD connector is on the left side of the image.
We’ll describe the cables and drive configurations soon.
Integrated verse Non-Integrated Motherboard.
The Integrated board has all its special facilities embedded on the board. Such as sound card, VGA, LAN, Fax modem, etc.
This is a feature of ATX board ranging from Pentium boards, while nonintegrated retire physical card to be inserted into available expansion slots.
Atx Connector Panel.
The keyboard, mouse, two serial connectors, a parallel port, and two USB ports are on the ATX port panel.
Some motherboards, like the one here, feature optional sound and joystick jacks.
Some models have a monitor connection. That saves a lot and some money.
But you’ll have to deactivate the onboard chip if you plan to replace these cheap onboard modules with a higher-quality expansion card.
It’s generally impossible to run both chips at the same time. Once again, it can either be done in BIOS or with a jumper. Check your handbook to find out which method to use.
Basic Motherboard Configuration
Modern motherboard with integrated software configuration no longer require you to do anything to assemble.
That means that your processor parameters directly in BIOS’s basic input-output system. Most of the time, you access the BIOS menu by pressing the DEL key.
F2 or f10, shortly after switching on the PC. Check your handbook to find out which key to use.